Category Archives: craft ideas

How to make a ribbon bow

RIBBONED BOW

MANY RIBBONED BOW:

1 With the first ribbon make a 4″ long loop on one side of your hand.
2 Make a 4″ loop on the other side of your hand.
3 Make additional loops on each side of your hand until there are a total of 4 to 10. Cut the ribbon.
4 With the next ribbon or lace make loops on each side of your hand. Notice these loops are slightly smaller than those made with the first ribbon.
5 With the last ribbon make the smallest loops.
6 Make half the loops then make a center loop by bringing the ribbon toward you-up, over and around your thumb.
7 Continue making the rest of the loops with the last ribbon. Fold a 6″ piece of cloth covered wire or chenille stem in half and insert through the center loops.
8 Bring the wire ends to the back of the bow and twist to secure the ribbons.

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How to make wedding bows

MAKE A BOW

BRIDAL CREATIONS.

TO MAKE A BOW:

1 Measure 18″ from one end of the ribbon (this will be the tail or streamer of the bow). Pinch between the thumb and finger of your left hand.
2 Make a loop on each side of your hand.
3 Make two more loops, one on each side of your hand.
4 Make a center loop by bringing the ribbon toward you up, over and around the thumb.
5 Make four more loops two on each side of your hand.
6 Cut off a 4″ length of cloth covered wire or chenille stem. Bend in half and insert through the center loops.
7 Bring the wire ends to the back of the bow and twist to secure the bow.
8 If necessary, floral tape the bow wires to a 2″ piece of 20 gauge wire. Trim the tails of the bow at an angle.

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Shapes from triangles and squares

Triangles and squares are flat designs. But you can use them to make shapes that are not flat. Sometimes they can even stand up by themselves. These shapes are called solid shapes. A solid shape has length, width, and thickness.

Here’s how to make a solid shape that will stand up by itself. Trace this triangle design for your pattern. 1. Cut out the tracing. 2. Trace your pattern on construction paper. 3. Cut out the pattern. 4. Fold the paper on the dotted lines. 5. Fold the tabs over and paste them down. Now you have a shape that looks like this:
We call this shape a pyramid. A pyramid is a solid shape. Long ago, people in Egypt built huge pyramids of stone.
Now trace this square shape for your pattern. Follow the five steps listed above. And you have a shape that looks like this:
We call this shape a cube. A cube is a solid shape. Water freezes into ice cubes in an ice-cube tray.

You can combine triangles and squares and get still other solid shapes. Trace this triangle and square design. Follow the five steps listed on the facing page. When you’re through, you have a shape that looks like the one in the picture below. We call this shape a polyhedron. Poly means many, and hedron means sides. “Polyhedron” always means a solid shape with many sides.

You can make mobiles, Christmas tree ornaments, and party decorations with your pyramids, cubes, and polyhedrons. Loop them with string and hang them up.

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Fold a pentagon

Can you take a strip of paper as long as a ruler and turn it into a star? First, carefully tie the strip of paper into a loose knot. Then, flatten the knot with your fist. You will have a design with five sides called a pentagon. Fold one end of the strip over the pentagon. Hold it up to a strong light. And what do you see? A five-pointed star!

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From one design to another

Can you turn this square into a rectangle? You might think it’s impossible, but it really isn’t. Here’s what you do. Divide the square into three parts A, B, and C. If you fit parts A, B, and C together like this, you can make a rectangle from a square.

Now try to make a triangle from this square. Divide the square into two parts A and B. Fit the parts together as shown below, and you can make a triangle from a square.
Make your own pattern out of construction paper or thin cardboard. Then, see how many other ways you can make a rectangle from a square, or a triangle from a square.

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What’s the design ?

Some designs look like Christmas trees, and some look like sheets of paper. Some designs look like pennies, and some even look like buildings.

This design looks like a paper napkin folded kitty-cornered. The design is called a triangle. It has three sides. The sides meet and form corners. The corners are called angles. A triangle has three angles. All triangles have three sides and three angles. Tri means three.

This design looks like a sheet of paper. It has four sides. The design is called a rectangle. Red means right. An angle is called a right angle when its sides make a square corner. The four angles of the rectangle are right angles.

This design is a rectangle, too. It has four sides and four corners or angles. But it is a special kind of rectangle called a square. It’s called a square because all four sides are the same length.

This design looks like a penny. The design is called a circle. It has no sides and no corners or angles. It just goes all around and meets itself where it began.

This design looks like a famous building in Washington, D.C. The design has five sides and five corners or angles. It’s called a pentagon. The building in Washington, D.C, is called the Pentagon. Penta means five and gon means angle.

All these designs are as flat as they can be, and they have length and width. We call these flat designs planes.

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Models made from wood

A balsa-wood glider.

Materials:
• balsa wood
• thumbtacks
• airplane cement
• a rubber band

On a piece of balsa wood draw the parts of the glider as shown.
Cut out the pieces with scissors. Then cut out three more fuselage pieces.
Smooth the pieces with sandpaper. Use airplane cement to glue the four fuselage pieces together. After the glue is dry, saw slits with a coping saw in the fuselage for the elevator and the rudder pieces. Attach these pieces to the fuselage with airplane cement.
Use a rubber band to attach the wing to the fuselage, as shown. Stick thumbtacks on the front end of the fuselage to weight it.

Model kits.
It’s easy to make model airplanes, cars, and boats from model kits. You can buy the kits at hobby stores, department stores, drugstores, and dime stores. The kits do not cost very much, and they usually include everything you need to build the model. But always check to see if they have a model knife, glue, sandpaper, and paint. If these are not in the kit, you will have to buy them.

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A Pocketknife for Campers

If your parents let you own a pocketknife, they know that you know a pocketknife is a tool, not a plaything. A certain kind of pocketknife is useful for campers and hikers. It has a can opener that can cut open such things as cans of beans. It has a bottle opener that can help take off the caps on bottles of pop. It has a blade that can be used for peeling potatoes or scraping carrots or for whittling.

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Easy campfire cooking

Campfire Cooking.
To cook and eat a meal outdoors, you don’t need pots, pans, and dishes if you use aluminum foil.

Fold the foil so that it is double. Place the food you want to cook on the foil. Then fold the foil over the food and make a tight package.

When the campfire coals are hot, move aside some of the coals from the middle of the fire. Place the package of food on the hot coals.

After the food cooks the right amount of time, carefully remove the foil package from the fire. Tear open the foil and eat from it.
One of several meals you can cook in aluminum foil is hamburger with potatoes and carrots. For one serving, use % pound of hamburger to make a patty about as thick as your thumb. Peel a potato and cut it into strips. Scrape a carrot and cut it into strips.
Wrap the food in doubled foil and place the package on the fire. Cook for fifteen minutes.

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Making a Campfire

You need tinder, kindling, and fuel to make a campfire. Tinder is stuff that lights easily. You can use strips of bark from dead tree branches or from a dead tree stump, or you can use dry leaves and weeds.

Kindling is the wood that you put on top of the tinder to help make the fire grow stronger. Dead tree branches make good kindling.
Fuel is the wood you place on top of the kindling to keep the fire burning. Find dry sticks on the ground or break dead tree branches into pieces about one foot long.

The safest place to build a campfire is on rock, gravel, or dirt, away from anything like dry grass or leaves that could spread the fire.
To make a small campfire for cooking, make a teepee of kindling over a handful of tinder. Keep your back to the wind, light a match and touch it to the tinder. After the tinder and kindling are burning, start adding thin pieces of fuel. When the thin pieces start to burn, add heavier pieces until the fire is the size you want. Then your campfire is ready to cook something.

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